RESOURCES FOR LEARNING GE'EZ: THE CLASSICAL LANGUAGE OF ETHIOPIA

RESOURCES FOR LEARNING GE'EZ-- THE CLASSICAL LANGUAGE OF ETHIOPIA

October 29, 2011

5: Nouns - Vocabulary List I


Here are words we’ve seen so far – with some plurals:

[ማት]
emm[at]
Mother[s]
ብ [አበው]
eb[ew]
Father[s]
ንጉሥ
nəguš
King
ንግሥት
nəgəšt[at]
Queen[s]
እግዚኣብሔር
əgziebḥér
God
ከውከብ
kewkeb
Star
ብእሲ [ዕደው]
bə’əsi [‘ədew*]
Man [pl.]
ብእሲት [ንስ]
bə’əsit [enəst*]
Woman  [pl.]
ቤት [ቤታት]
bét[at]
House[s]
ካህን
kahən
Priest
ለውህ
lewh
Tablet

(* these are broken plurals -- more on these later)

Here are some new words, their plurals and their Semitic cognates, as memory aids:


ሀገር [አህጉር]
heger (ehgur)
Town[s]
-
-
ጸድ [ዕጸዳት]
‘eşed[at]
Village[s]
-
-
ድብር [አድባር]
debr (edbar)
Mountain[s]
מדבר
-
አም
emlak
Lord
מלך
ملك
ገብር [አግበርት]
gebr (egbərt)
Servant[s]
 -
مجبور 
[ነቢያት]
nebiy[at]
Prophet[s]
נביא
نبي
ክርስያን
kərəstiyan
Christians
-
-
ቤተክርስያን
béte-kərəstiyan
Church
-
-
ስራኤ
əsraél
Israel
ישראל
إسرائيل
ወልድ [ወሉድ]
wəld (wəlud)
Son[s]
ילד
ولد
ወለት [ወሉት]
wələtt (welutt)
Daughter[s]
ילדה
وليدة
ቂቅ
dəqiq
Children / Progeny
-
-
ግ [ሕጋግ]
ḥəgg (ḥəgag)
Law[s]
חוק
حقّ
መኳን[መኳንንት]
məkʷenən[t]
Judge[s]
-
-
ጸሓፊ
şeḥafi
Scribe
-
صحافي
ሰማይ [ሰማያት]
semay[at]
Sky (pl.)
שמים
سماء
ምድር [ምድራት]
mədr[at]
Land[s]
-
-
ጸባሕ [ጸባሓት]
şəbaḥ[at]
Morning[s]
-
صبح
ምሴት [ምሴታት]
məsét[at]
Evening[s]
-
مساء
[ለያልይ]
lélit (leyaləy)
Night[s]
לילה
ليلة

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